Paul joined the firm in 1999 and currently serves as Portfolio Manager to the Kinetics Medical Fund and various other private funds. Paul’s primary duties include research and analysis of developing scientific technologies and innovations in the medical and bio-pharmaceutical industries. Prior to joining Horizon Kinetics Asset Management, Paul was employed by Brookhaven National Laboratories, from 1989 through 1999, where he researched, developed and implemented technical and scientific programs and systems in the areas of nuclear physics, computer programming and industrial design. During that time, Paul also provided freelance writing services for the Academic Science and News Review, reporting and offering insight on a myriad of issues and developments in the fields of science and technology. Paul received a BS in Physics from SUNY Stony Brook and holds a Masters Degree in Mechanical/Nuclear Engineering from Manhattan College.